Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) happens when the heart stops beating suddenly. Blood would stop flowing to the brain and other vital organs, and would be deathly if not treated within minutes.
Normal Heart Activity:
Note the regular pattern with each beat of the heart
Sudden Cardiac Arrest:
The heart enters a chaotic, typically ventricular fibrillation (VF) rhythm, as shown below.
The heart cannot pump blood effectively and the victim will collapse.
1. Victim is unconscious
2. Not breathing spontaneously
3. No pulse
The first symptom of SCA is usually the loss of consciousness (fainting). No heartbeat or pulse can be felt. Some people may have a racing heartbeat or feel dizzy or light-headed before they lose consciousness. Within an hour before SCA, some people have shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea or vomit.
Every minute that passes without defibrillation reduces survival rate by 7-10%.
80% of SCA happen outside the medical environment – In homes, in schools, on the sports ground, at the gym, in restaurants, on planes, trains and buses…
5% of SCA victims will survive with effective CPR. This increases to 50%+ when CPR is combined with the use of an AED.
Source: American Heart Association 10.1161/CirculationHA.107.188486
An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable device that reviews the heart rhythm and can send an electric shock to the heart to try to restore a normal rhythm. AEDs are used to treat Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA).
1. AED is now the standard equipment stipulated by the National CERT Standard!
With amendment to the Fire Safety Act on 1 Sept 2013, all premises with Fire Safety Managers are required to set up a Company Emergency Response Team (CERT).
Public and Industrial Premises that meet any of the following criteria are required to have a Fire Safety Manager and a CERT.
Public Premises (either one of the criteria):
2. Audit Requirement:
Premises shall be audited by SCDF on the CERT scheme. Failure of the audit, the premises maybe subjected to re-audit or revoke of P&FM storage license.
3. The owner or occupier of the specified premises shall be guilty of an offence and is liable for a fine not exceeding S$10,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 6 months or both
See below table for information: